Gone are the days when the job of the human resources department was to adhere to local labour laws and manage local employees. Today, as the organizations cross geographical barriers and hiring diverse talent in terms of age, gender, ethnicity, skills, experiences and location, the responsibility of human resources has increased multifold.
Today, human resource managers have to devise strategies that are ‘glocal’ – global yet local. So, if the company is based in Los Angeles but hiring people in India, then it has to make sure that its human resource strategy not only adheres to international standards but is also culturally appropriate. Hence, these days, globalization forms an integral module of a majority of human resource management online courses.
Here are various areas of how globalization is affecting human resource management:
When the organization is doing overseas recruitment, the hiring dynamics change considerably. For instance, if the minimum educational requirement is MBA for a candidate, the same degree may vary from one country to another. It may be known by a different name, or even it is known by the same name, the grades and credits may differ, making it difficult to understand the candidate’s educational qualification.
Every newly hired candidate has to be taken through training regarding the company’s policies and procedures as well as his or her job role. However, globalization calls for different training modules. For example, if you are sending a local candidate overseas, you have to train him or her regarding offshore work expectations and culture.
Obviously, labour laws vary from one country to another. If the minimum wage amount is ‘x’ and maximum working hours are ‘y’ in India, then it will not be same in China, United Kingdom, United States of America, Australia or any other country. The human resource managers are required to have a thorough knowledge of international and domestic labour laws or else the company may find itself in a legal soup.
The world never sleeps! If one country is closing its office, the other may be just opening or in full swing business hours. When a company is doing business in different countries, communication becomes difficult. Human resource department has to devise communication strategies which can establish synchronized co-ordination without requiring remote employees to disturb their time zone.
Preparing home country employees to work in a different country or vice-a-versa is quite challenging. In spite of adequate training and competitive compensation package, the expats may not fit in the company. The recruitment, training, motivation and retention of expats call for an exclusive human resource strategy.
It is recommended that you join human resource management online courses to discover all the above-mentioned effects in detail.