Cyber security refers to a set of technologies, practices and various processes which are designed in order to protect the networks, programs, devices and data in an organization from any kind of unauthorized access, theft, attack or damage. It is also known as information technology (IT) security. The professionals who work in this field are trained through a cyber security course which teaches them all the basic skills required in this job. They further augment their learning on the job and through various advanced level certifications.
According to the Forbes publication, the global security market will hit the $170 billion mark, by the year 2020. This will happen due to the advancement in technology, cloud-based applications, newer security-related products and trends and the onslaught of smart devices ecosystem along with the Internet of Things. These inventions and trends will require higher and more advanced levels of security tools and laws. An example of security laws is the latest European Union’s law called the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Cyber Security Framework by the US authorities.
Cybersecurity protects information and systems from many types of cyber threats. There are threats like malware, ransomware, phishing, application attacks etc. With the advancement in technology, cyber attackers are able to attack at lower costs in a more sophisticated manner. Some cybert hreats can be serious enough to cause damage to government bodies, military, infrastructure and enterprises. Some of the common threats are in the form of below-mentioned activities –
- Cyber Terrorism
Sometimes terror groups use threats to spread their agenda. They may attack telecommunication and systems infrastructure.
- Cyber Espionage
This form of threat happens when the attacker is trying to get secret information from an organization or an individual for political, military, strategic or other reasons. This is an illegal attack on information one is not allowed access to.
- Cyber Warfare
When nations try to attack other nations by using information technology to penetrate the information networks and systems of the country they plan to attack, then it is called cyber warfare. It has been widely accepted as the fifth form of warfare, the first four being air, land, sea and space. Sophisticated hackers are utilised to perform this task by nations to get valuable data and disrupt critical services like medical, infrastructure and communication.
Cyber security has emerged as one of the top priorities of organizations and governments and they are taking stringent actions to continually protect themselves.