Aspiring to become an HR professional? Then, you need to have a basic know-how of what all it entails. You can become an HR generalist or a specialist, depending on how you want to shape your career in this field.


HR courses are offered in management degree courses, but you also have an option to sign up for human resources certification programs available online.


What are the main functions of HR?

Before you start exploring the options, take a look at six main functions of HR to apply for the right course online.


  1. Recruitment

Unarguably the most important function in the HR domain, it requires you to understand company’s talent requirement, design job descriptions, lists the openings on various job portals, conduct interviews/assessment tests and selects the qualified candidates.


  1. Employee Benefits

The scope of employee benefits encompasses salaries, incentives, perks and payroll management. These benefits are both monetary (base salary, cash bonuses) and non-monetary (flexible work hours, crèche, wellness policy), but they enhance the burden on the company’s balance sheet. So, this function requires you to strike a balance between keeping employees happy and reducing the cost to the company.


  1. Training and Development

There is a famous quote from Ford Motor Company founder Henry Ford, “The only worse thing than training your employees and having them leave is not training them and having them stay.” The training grooms employees to acquire skills that the company needs to perform optimally. Training programs have to be conducted for both new hires as well as existing employees.


  1. Performance Management

HR professionals are also responsible for managing the performance management program in their organizations. This requires you to establish goals and Key Responsibility Areas (KRAs) for each role in the organization and measuring the performance of employees against them. It also involves giving feedback to employees on their performance and taking feedback on what they expect from the organization.


  1. Employee Relations

Since HR is all about managing people and keeping them satisfied, the function of employee relations gains all the more prominence. It is not only at the professional level that HR needs to think about employees, but also at making their personal lives better. Because happy employees equal productive and happy workplace! You also have to look at conflict management and labour union relations.


  1. Compliance

Every country has labour laws and other regulatory compliances that make it mandatory for every organisation to follow. Or else, organisations may have to face the legal music. HR has to manage compliance concerning workplace safety, sexual harassment and discrimination policy and any other laws applicable.


The key job of the human resources department is to act as an intermediary between the organisation and employees and the above functions just enable that. Learn about all that and more by enrolling into a certification course in XLRI HR Management and get ahead in your career as an HR professional.


Want to know how can this course help in your profile?